Archive for the ‘ACLU’ Category

c/o ACLU Blog of Rights


Rep. Smith is expected to push the Lawful Workforce Act quickly through the House and the bill will be a high priority for Republicans and some Democrats in the Senate. The immigration wars are coming to your workplace and your job – get ready. Please click here to tell your representatives to oppose a mandatory E-Verify system.


SEE ALSO: The new-cardless-national ID card

Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
was even quoted in USA Today saying,
“You can actually see the sweat on someone’s back”.

The Politics of Fear and “Whole-Body Imaging”

By Zack Kaldveer for Privacy Revolt!

As “terror hysteria” echoes across the media and out of the mouths of politicians in response to the attempted terror attack on an airline flight, we’ve got to start asking some tough questions, because the Fear-Industrial-Complex (i.e. Department of Defense, mainstream media, talk radio, security technologies industry, Congress, the White House, “the intelligence community”, pundits, etc.) has kicked into high gear.

The same interests that took advantage of 9/11 to ram through the Patriot Act are out in force once again – aided this time by a much more influential and powerful “security industry”.

Advancements in security technology may serve certain important purposes in specific situations, but more often than not, represent the continuing expansion of Big Brother’s ability to monitor and record nearly everything we do – usually under the guise of “keeping us safe”.

The latest security “fix” being peddled is called “Whole-Body-Imaging” (“digital strip search”) and whether we should install this technology in US airports across the country at approximately $170,000 per scanner. Briefly, the technology photographs American air travelers as if stripped naked. These full-body scanners use one of two technologies – millimeter wave sensors or backscatter x-rays – to see through clothing, producing images of naked passengers.

A Transportation Security Administration (TSA) official was even quoted in the USA Today as saying, “You can actually see the sweat on someone’s back”.

What has received short thrift in the media is whether these scanners even would have identified the “underwear bomber” at all. This is in stark contrast to what we in fact do know would have worked: if law enforcement had simply acted on the information it had already gathered – including the father of the “would be Detroit bomber” warning the government personally his son was a threat – the plot would have been foiled far earlier.

Another point to consider before instituting “Whole-Body-Imaging” scanners in every airport is that for every specific tactic we target with a new, expensive, and often burdensome security apparatus, the terrorist tactics themselves will change. Granted, risks can be reduced, but not eliminated. If we strip searched every single passenger at every airport in the country, terrorists would go bomb shopping malls or movie theaters. You’ll never be secure by defending individual targets.

As correctly pointed out by Ben Sandilands in his Plane Talking blog, “None of the techniques coming into use abroad can detect explosives inserted way, way, up a rectum, in say a reinforced condom like device that could be passed and then detonated. The whole ‘threat’ seems capable of lurching toward invasive physical examinations, ending in the collapse of air travel, if we follow the absurd logic that pervades a security scare industry that constantly seeks to create and then offer to solve new risks.”

Furthermore, and perhaps most telling, is the substantial amount of evidence – including the case of the “underwear bomber” itself – that suggests our government is gathering TOO MUCH information, and our expanding surveillance state is making us LESS safe, not more.

As Constitutional Scholar Glenn Greenwald notes,

“The problem is never that the U.S. Government lacks sufficient power to engage in surveillance, interceptions, intelligence-gathering and the like. Long before 9/11 — from the Cold War — we have vested extraordinarily broad surveillance powers in the U.S. Government to the point that we have turned ourselves into a National Security and Surveillance State. Terrorist attacks do not happen because there are too many restrictions on the government’s ability to eavesdrop and intercept communications, or because there are too many safeguards and checks. If anything, the opposite is true: the excesses of the Surveillance State — and the steady abolition of oversights and limits — have made detection of plots far less likely. Despite that, we have an insatiable appetite — especially when we’re frightened anew — to vest more and more unrestricted spying and other powers in our Government, which — like all governments — is more than happy to accept it.”


TERRORISM, LIGHTNING, SALMONELLA, & the HEALTH INSURANCE INDUSTRY

Before we all run to hide in our closets, willfully give up our civil liberties and freedoms, support wars on countries that did nothing to us, and sign off on wasting HUGE amounts of money on ineffectual security systems, consider this: Your chances of getting hit by lightning in one year is 500,000 to 1 while the odds you’ll be killed by a terrorist on a plane over 10 years is 10 million to 1.

Does this sound like a threat that is worthy of allowing the ever increasing list of airline passenger indignities – including ever longer lines of shoeless, beltless, waterless, and nail clipper-less beleaguered travelers now being forced to be digitally strip searched too?

Further illustrating my point is blogger Brad Friedman:

“If you count the Ft. Hoot shooting as a terrorist attack (which it wasn’t, and isn’t even considered one by experts), 16 people have died in the United States as result of terrorism in 2009. The other three deaths include the Little Rock military recruiting office shooting (1), the Holocaust Museum shooting (1), and Dr. George Tiller’s assassination (1), the last two coming at the hands of right-wing extremists. Now let’s compare that to the 45,000 Americans that died because they didn’t have health insurance and 600 that died from salmonella poisoning.”


So let’s scrap the whole meme that we should live in fear and must give up our constitutional rights in order to be safe from a threat that is a fraction of that posed by lightning, salmonella, and the health insurance industry. Once we are free from that fear, we can discuss, rationally, specific security proposals being pushed by a variety of politicians and security industry spokespeople looking to profit off “terror”.

THE FALSE CHOICE: Privacy versus Security

As is so often the case with technologies like Whole-Body-Imaging, the concerns go far deeper than what it does with the data it collects (though that too is important). Also of great important is what happens to that data once collected? The claims that these devices will distort a person’s face or other features to protect privacy are nonsensical.

For one, a “would be terrorist” would simply find a way to use this “distortion” as yet another hole in the system (i.e. nasal, rectal or mouth cavities). And secondly, are we really to believe the government won’t allow these devices to record any data when the easy “go to” excuse for doing so will be the need to gather and store evidence? What about the ability of some hacker in one of the lounges to capture the data using his wi-fi capable PC – and then filing it to a Flickr album, and then tell the Twitterverse of its whereabouts?

Privacy advocates continue to argue for oversight, full disclosure for air travelers, and legal language to protect passengers and keep the TSA from changing policy down the road. Again, what’s to stop TSA from using clearer images or different technology later? The computers can’t store images now, but what if that changes?

The bottom line is a rather stark one: Is the loss of freedom, privacy, and quality of life a worthwhile tradeoff for unproven protections from a terrorist threat that has a 1 in 10 million chance of killing someone over a ten year time period?

Could all this hype be just another way to sell more security technologies
, soften us up for future wars, increased spending on the military, and the evisceration of our civil liberties?

The “option” of walking through a whole-body scanner or taking a pat-down shouldn’t be the final answer, as is the case in some airports now, and being advocated by many for all airports in the future. As the ACLU pointed out, “A choice between being groped and being stripped, I don’t think we should pretend those are the only choices. People shouldn’t be humiliated by their government” in the name of security, nor should they trust that the images will always be kept private. Screeners at LAX (Los Angeles International Airport) could make a fortune off naked virtual images of celebrities.”

MORE EFFECTIVE WAYS TO REDUCE THE THREAT OF TERRORISM

If we are truly trying to reduce the threat of terrorism there are DEMONSTRABLY more effective ways than those currently being pursued. A few alternative tactics to consider: stop bombing and occupying Muslim nations, arming their enemies, torturing and indefinitely jailing their people, and supporting ruthless dictators. In the immediate meantime, we should reinstate every gay Arabic translator (which we have a critical shortage of today in the military) we’ve expelled from the military because of their sexual preference, and focus our attention on intelligence gathering and good old fashion investigative techniques rather than war making to catch the real extremists that actually want to do our country harm.

In no way am I excusing or defending terrorists or their actions, but let’s catch them, try them, and jail them rather than create more of them. Instead of spending one more minute listening to the bloviating of a war criminal like Dick Cheney, we’d be better served by heeding the words of Martin Luther King Jr.: “We all have to be concerned about terrorism, but you will never end terrorism by terrorizing others.”

A FEW MEDIA COVERAGE BRIGHT SPOTS

Thankfully we do have a few voices of reason in the mainstream, corporate media. First, be sure to watch this outstanding discussion on Whole-Body-Imaging between Air America’s Thom Hartmann and the ACLU’s Michael German.

Second, watch Rachel Maddow’s extremely enlightening interview with security expert Bruce Schneier, author of Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly About Security in an Uncertain World. Schneier perhaps sums up the false choice we are being given best:

“If you set up the false dichotomy, of course people will choose security over privacy — especially if you scare them first. But it’s still a false dichotomy. There is no security without privacy. And liberty requires both security and privacy. The famous quote attributed to Benjamin Franklin reads: “Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety.” It’s also true that those who would give up privacy for security are likely to end up with neither.”

And finally, Keith Olbermann also covered this story, focusing in on how “Whole-Body-Imaging” may be violating Britain’s child pornography laws – thereby possibly exempting children from being subjected to the scanners.

THE LEGISLATIVE FIGHT AHEAD

The good news is that a few months ago the House of Representatives – by a 310-118 vote – approved legislation that curbs the growing use of these devices at airport checkpoints. The question now becomes whether, particularly in light of the recent terror hysteria, the Senate will follow the House’s lead?

To counteract the immense power of fear on the human mind, the growing influence of the security industrial complex and craven elected officials seeking to score political points, our Senators must hear from us! The Electronic Privacy Information Center is currently leading a privacy coalition to suspend the use of “Whole-Body-Imaging” technologies. Check it out, and make your voices heard.

WASHINGTON – July 31 –
In a welcome move, legislation was introduced in the House of Representatives to repeal the discredited Real ID Act of 2005. The REAL ID Repeal and Identification Security Enhancement Act of 2009, introduced by Representative Steve Cohen (D-TN), would repeal Real ID and replace it with the original negotiated rulemaking process passed by Congress as part of the 9/11 Commission recommendations. Twenty-five states have already rejected Real ID, citing its high cost, invasiveness and the bureaucratic hassles it creates for citizens.

”Real ID is essentially dead. It’s time for it to be formally repealed and replaced with a process that works, one that protects civil liberties and license security,” said Michael Macleod-Ball, Acting Director of the ACLU Washington Legislative Office. “Rep. Cohen took a big step forward by moving to eliminate this failed law and providing much-needed safeguards for our civil liberties.”

The Real ID Act of 2005 directs states to issue a federally-approved driver’s license or other form of ID that would be necessary for airline travel and become part of a national database. Like state governments from coast to coast, the American Civil Liberties Union has long opposed the Act as too invasive, too much red tape and too expensive.

Fifteen states have passed binding legislation prohibiting participation in the Real ID program: Alaska, Arizona, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Virginia, Washington, Oregon, and Missouri. Ten other states have enacted resolutions in opposition to Real ID: Arkansas, Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, South Dakota and Tennessee.

Similar to the Akaka-Sununu Senate bill of 2007 and the Allen House bill of 2007, Rep. Cohen’s bill would eliminate most of the requirements that laid the foundation for a National ID card, such as the obligation that all data and systems be standardized. The proposal also requires a collaborative approach, called negotiated rulemaking, which would advise the Department of Homeland Security on how to maximize driver’s license security while minimizing the administrative burden on the states. This approach was initially adopted by the law which implemented the 9/11 Commission recommendations and subsequently repealed by Real ID. Significant privacy protections in the proposal include prohibiting the use of license data by third parties, encryption of the data and adherence to state privacy laws that may provide greater protection. Additionally, Rep. Cohen’s bill would also provide for the establishment of a negotiated rulemaking committee, which would present its recommendations to the Department of Homeland Security.

”States and ordinary Americans have all rejected a National ID card,” said Christopher Calabrese, Counsel for the ACLU Technology and Liberty Project. “Now it’s time for Congress to follow their lead and finally get rid of the Real ID Act by passing Rep. Cohen’s bill.”

To learn more about the Real ID Act or read about its history, visit http://www.realnightmare.org

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Assessing the Options: REAL ID, PASS ID, or No National ID at All

CAPITOL HILL BRIEFING
Friday, July 24, 2009
12:30 PM

Featuring Christopher Calabrese, Counsel, Technology & Liberty Program, American Civil Liberties Union; David E. Williams, Vice President, Policy, Citizens Against Government Waste; and Jim Harper, Director of Information Policy Studies, Cato Institute.

The introduction of a bill called the PASS ID Act in the Senate has renewed the debate about whether the United States should have a national ID. PASS ID purports to improve on the moribund REAL ID Act, but the central question is whether there should be a national ID at all. A national ID would cost billions of dollars, place sensitive identity documents into insecure databases, and give the federal government more control over Americans’ private lives. Join us for a discussion of the weaknesses that PASS ID and REAL ID share with any national ID system, and why diverse, competitive identity and credentialing systems are superior.

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5-11 Official Release


12 States overlooked with opposition to the Real ID Act


WASHINGTON -Advocacy researchers concluded late last week that only 13 out of 25 States were recognized for rejecting federal Real ID Act.  The flaw was first noticed during a hearing where legislation was reconsidered for  replacement by the PASS Act, July 15th.

Misinformation is currently billed as the primary cause of confusion. Local and national media reported large variances in the number of states opposed to the national identity program, ranging from 11 to 43.  Researchers from the ACLU, Electronic Privacy Information Center and the 5-11 Campaign sponsored a cohesive total of States after finding consistent errors in national reporting following the hearing.

There was no response from Homeland Security when asked about the reason for the discrepancy.

PASS Act to Continue Majority of Real ID policy

The PASS Act would carry forward the majority of the Real ID language, to the dismay of State level opponents to the Real ID Act.   States rejected the federal law due to the program’s lack of consideration for privacy, identity security and expensive compliance costs.  Edits to current federal law are viewed by PASS Act’s proponents as a way to incorporate privacy considerations and a way for States afford to implement the program.  

In a highly indirect alliance, supporters and opponents of the Real ID Act have come out against the newer legislation.  Those in favor of the Real ID Act say the PASS Act isn’t secure enough to stop terrorists.  Those opposed to the Real ID Act say the PASS Act goes against States wishes to reject an unfunded mandate and a way to outmaneuver State laws against a national identity boondoggle.

The Real ID Act originally was passed as a rider to a 2005 supplemental defense and tsunami relief appropriations bill.   Information about States who passed local laws against Real ID are listed below.
###
STATES WHO PASSED LOCAL LAWS AGAINST REAL ID 
STATES WHO PASSED LAWS OPPOSING REAL ID
TOTAL : 15 

AK, WA, ID, AZ, MT, OK, LA, GA, SC, NH, ME, VA, MN, OR, MO

STATES WHO PASSED RESOLUTIONS OPPOSING REAL ID
TOTAL : 10 

HI, NV, UT, CO, NE, SD, ND, AR, IL, TN

STATES WHO FILED LEGISLATION THAT DIDN’T MAKE IT in ’09
TOTAL: 7

IA, PA, WI, KY, TX, CT, MA

By Jeanne Meserve and Mike Ahlers
CNN

WASHINGTON (CNN) — Steve Bierfeldt says the Transportation Security Administration pulled him aside for extra questioning in March. He was carrying a pocket edition of the U.S. Constitution and an iPhone capable of making audio recordings. And he used them.

On a recording a TSA agent can be heard berating Bierfeldt. One sample: “You want to play smartass, and I’m not going to play your f**king game.”

Bierfeldt is director of development for the Campaign for Liberty, an outgrowth of the Ron Paul presidential campaign. He was returning from a regional conference March 29 when TSA screeners at Lambert-St. Louis (Illinois) International Airport saw a metal cash box in his carry-on bag. Inside was more than $4,700 dollars in cash — proceeds from the sale of political merchandise like T-shirts and books.

There are no restrictions on carrying large sums of cash on flights within the United States, but the TSA allegedly took Bierfeldt to a windowless room and, along with other law enforcement agencies, questioned him for almost half an hour about the money.

The American Civil Liberties Union has taken up Bierfeldt’s cause and is suing Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano, whose department includes the TSA. Their complaint alleges that Bierfeldt was “subjected to harassing interrogation, and unlawfully detained.”

Larry Schwartztol of the ACLU said the TSA is suffering from mission creep.

“We think what happened to Mr. Bierfeldt is a reflection that TSA believes passenger screening is an opportunity to engage in freewheeling law enforcement investigations that have no link to flight safety,” he said.

Schwartztol believes many other passengers have been subjected to the same kind of treatment, which he claims violates constitutional protections against unlawful searches.

The TSA wouldn’t comment on the lawsuit, but said in a statement that the movement of large amounts of cash through a checkpoint may be investigated “if suspicious activity is suspected.”

Unbeknownst to the TSA agents, Bierfieldt had activated the record application on his phone and slipped it into his pocket. It captured the entire conversation.

An excerpt:

Officer: Why do you have this money? That’s the question, that’s the major question.

Bierfeldt: Yes, sir, and I’m asking whether I’m legally required to answer that question.

Officer: Answer that question first, why do you have this money.

Bierfeldt: Am I legally required to answer that question?

Officer: So you refuse to answer that question?

Bierfeldt: No, sir, I am not refusing.

Officer: Well, you’re not answering.

Bierfeldt: I’m simply asking my rights under the law.

The officers can be heard saying they will involve the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Drug Enforcement Administration, and appear to threaten arrest, saying they are going to transport Bierfeldt to the local police station, in handcuffs if necessary.

Bierfeldt told CNN he believes their behavior was inappropriate.

“You’re in a locked room with no windows. You’ve got TSA agent. You’ve got police officers with loaded guns. They’re in your face. A few of them were swearing at me.”

But the officers did not follow through on their threats. Near the end of the recording an additional officer enters the situation and realizes the origins of the money.

Officer: So these are campaign contributions for Ron Paul?

Bierfeldt: Yes, sir.

Officer: You’re free to go.

According to the TSA, “Passengers are required to cooperate with the screening process. Cooperation may involve answering questions about their property. A passenger who refuses to answer questions may be referred to appropriate authorities for further inquiry”

Bierfeldt contends he never refused to answer a question, he only sought to clarify his constitutional rights.

“I asked them, ‘Am I required by law to tell you what you’re asking me? Am I required to tell you where I am working? Am I required to tell you how I got the cash? Nothing I’ve done is suspicious. I’m not breaking any laws. I just want to go to my flight. Please advise me as to my rights.’ And they didn’t.”

The TSA says disciplinary action has been taken against one of its employees for inappropriate tone and language.